PEKUDEI (Exodus, 38:21‑40:38) — “Sure, You’ve Got the Keys, But WHO’s REALLY Driving?”

In the closing chapters of the Book of Exodus, the Torah goes into great detail describing all of the work that went into the construction of the Mishkan, the portable Tabernacle that served as the Temple in the desert.  The entire Nation of Israel worked together — weavers, embroiderers, silversmiths — craftsmen of many disciplines performed this labor of love to build a House of G-d. Although Moses was the organizer of the project, he himself had no personal hands-on involvement.  Now that was about to change.

And they brought the Tabernacle to Moses, the tent and all its equipment; its hooks, beams, crossbars, pillars, and sockets…the roof of colored hides, … the Ark … the Menorah…all the equipment used in the Tabernacle’s service.  (Exodus 39:33-41)

The Midrash Tanchuma explains that the people brought all the parts to Moses because they weren’t able to put it all together due to the weight of the beams.  Now Moses was expected to do it for them!

How, wondered Moses, would any human be able to put those massive timbers together?!  G-d told him, “You involve yourself in the effort, and it will APPEAR as if you are setting it up, but it will rise and stand up by itself.”


Allow me to share with you an experience I had last week.

A resident in the retirement community where I serve as chaplain was dying.  The family organized a vigil and stayed by her side around the clock.  They consulted with me and with the rabbi who would eventually be handling the final arrangements.  For several days, the family waited with her, not knowing when our Merciful Father would reclaim her soul.

The end came last Friday night.  After Shabbos, I received a call informing me of a change in plans.  The rabbi who was supposed to perform the funeral was available at any time EXCEPT Sunday at noon.  That was the time that the funeral was scheduled to take place.  Would you be available, Rabbi Seplowitz?  I agreed to officiate at the service.

The next day, at the funeral, I told a true story about a group of Yeshiva students from Cleveland who were on their way to a wedding in Baltimore, but, due to inclement weather, never made it. They were redirected to a different city.   Eventually they decided to skip the connection to Baltimore (they had already missed the wedding) and fly back to Cleveland.

Since sundown was approaching and they needed to recite the Mincha (Afternoon) Service, they asked a janitor to unlock a private room for them to pray.  Imagine their surprise when the janitor followed them into the room and asked one of the students to help him say Kaddish!

After Services, the janitor told them a story that put their travel plans into perspective.  “I never had any religious education,” he explained.   “Last night I had a dream in which my father came to me and asked me to say Kaddish in his memory.  I said to him, ‘first of all, I don’t know HOW to say Kaddish.  Secondly, I don’t know WHERE to go to say Kaddish!’  My father responded, ‘I’ll supply the Shul, you just make sure to say Kaddish!'”

Imagine the reaction of the Yeshiva students.  They had actually left Cleveland thinking that they were going to Baltimore!  Little had they realized that G-d was taking them to an airport to help a son memorialize the soul of his father!


After telling this story, I explained to the family at the funeral that they have the ability to memorialize the soul of their mother/grandmother/great-grandmother.  By doing Mitzvahs, by emulating her kindness and generosity, they would bring comfort to her in the next world, and, in effect, allow her to live on through their good deeds.

After the funeral and burial, I went to the cemetery office.  At that point, with the mourners on their way home, I switched hats.  I changed from professional rabbi to amateur genealogist.  I asked the gentleman in the office to check the computer to see if anyone named Seplowitz, Cheplowitz, or Chaplowitz is buried there.

For the last few years, I have been doing research on my family tree.  I won’t bore you with the details, but, to make a long story short, everyone named Seplowitz seems to have their roots in the same little Lithuanian town. (Postav, in what is now Belarus) I have been trying to figure out how we are all related.  Most specifically, I have been trying to track down information on a Kalman Seplowitz, the great-grandfather of one of my possible/probable relatives.  [Note added in 2010: Recent DNA testing indicates that we ARE relatives with a common ancestor going back perhaps 8-10 generations!] I have suspected that he might be a “missing link” to different branches of the family.

The cemetery office informed me that there were four Seplowitzes in two different sections of the cemetery.  Two of them turned out to be the parents of the possible relative I referred to above.  In the other section, I found the illusive Kalman.

Once I found the gravestone, I copied all the information: father’s name, date of death, etc.  Then, in respect to the soul of this possible relative, (actually, a definite relative — a Jewish brother!) I recited a Psalm.  I often do that; it’s standard Jewish practice to recite Psalms at Jewish graves.  Then I did something that I don’t usually do; I said Kel Molei Rachamim, a memorial prayer.  This prayer is usually recited at special times of the year, for example on the Yahrtzeit (the anniversary of the person’s death), before the High Holidays, or on holidays when Yizkor is said.  As part of the prayer, I pledged to make a donation to charity in his memory.

Now, why did I do that?  I was wondering if anyone ever comes to visit this grave, if there are any relatives who ever give charity in his memory.  I felt a certain bond; after all, I had been looking for him for two years!  Perhaps it was also because a similar prayer had been recited a half-hour earlier at the funeral.

That night I was sitting at home looking up something on a calendar, when something suddenly occurred to me.  I went back to the notes I had copied from the gravestone and realized what had happened. That afternoon, as I stood in front of Kalman Seplowitz’s grave reciting Psalms and pledging charity, was his 60th Yahrtzeit!!!


Remember the Cleveland story?  It took several “coincidences,” but the janitor ended up fulfilling his father’s wishes that Kaddish be said.  Is this what G-d did for Kalman?  Why did I decide to change my standard procedure and say a memorial prayer?  Why did I pledge charity?  And, let us remember, I wasn’t even supposed to be there that day.  The other rabbi was supposed to officiate at the funeral.  It is only due to the fact that she passed away when she did, and that the family chose to schedule the funeral when they did, that I found myself at Kalman Seplowitz’s grave on his Yahrtzeit!

The “coincidence” doesn’t end here.  I decided to call Kalman’s possible great-grandson (I should state for the record that I am not 100% positive that I found the right Kalman!)  to tell him what had happened.  It turns out that he was also at that cemetery that day, visiting his parents’ graves because his mother’s Yahrtzeit was coming up in a few days!  He had no idea that there were other Seplowitzes buried in that cemetery!  So not only did I end up praying at Kalman’s grave on his 60th Yahrtzeit, but his (possible) great-grandson came to the cemetery as well!


Who is REALLY running the show around here?  I think we see the answer in this week’s Torah Reading.  As G-d told Moses, “You involve yourself in the effort, and it will APPEAR as if you are setting it up, but it will rise and stand up by itself.”

We go through the motions of living our lives and running the world.  But it is the Master of the World who is actually the One in the driver’s seat.

Have a great Shabbos.

Rabbi Yerachmiel Seplowitz



Some years the two Torah Portions of Vayakheil and Pekudei are  read together, and some years they are read on two separate Sabbaths.  For your convenience.  For your convenience, I present both Portions:


Links to this week’s first Torah Portion:

“Mirror, Mirror In The Sink…” (2010)

 … Moses had a dilemma.

Donations were coming in for the Tabernacle…The problem was that women had donated their polished copper mirrors.  They wanted to have their mirrors melted down and made into a copper sink.

Moses was repulsed.  How could he accept these mirrors?  The Tabernacle was to be a holy place filled with holy vessels! These mirrors represented vanity.  Women would sit in front of these mirrors for hours on end preening and painting and brushing themselves…What could be more secular and unG-dly than a woman trying to make herself beautiful? How could Moses permit such vanity in G-d’s house? …

Read more.


“The Architect” (2008) 

The donations were pouring in.  Moses had put out the word that he was accepting contributions of precious items for the construction of the Tabernacle…

It was a massive project.  There were plenty of good-hearted people willing to help.  What was still needed was someone to pull it all together…

Now the Tabernacle crew had a foreman.  Bezalel, the head architect and his assistant Oholiav, were given their mandate:  Coordinate the volunteers into a cohesive, organized work force, and build the House of G-d.

… the Torah uses a very unusual terminology:  “Observe that G-d has selected Bezalel…”

What did Moses mean by “Observe…”?  What is there to observe?  …

Rabbi Feinstein answered that Bezalel’s assignment should have been obvious…

Read more.


 “The King’s Day Off” (2006) 

What’s wrong with driving on Saturday?  If G-d doesn’t want me to work, fine, I’ll take off from work.  I’ll spend a pleasant day with the family.  We’ll drive to the local orchard and pick apples.  Then go to the park and have a barbeque, maybe take in a movie.  Then we’ll go home and I’ll help my son build a tree house.  What could be more relaxing?

Read more.


 “(Madison Square) Garden of Eden” (2005)

… Lublin, Poland.  Once a center of Jewish life, it was one of the first Polish cities that the Nazis succeeded in declaring Judenrein… The Nazis derived great pleasure in burning the library of Yeshiva Chachmei Lublin in 1939.  There were so many books that the dastardly deed took twenty hours to complete.  But in their perverted sense of values, twenty hours were a small investment to pay for the dividend of destroying Rabbi Shapiro’s work and silencing the voice of Torah study.  Jewish Lublin was dead.  The Rabbi of Lublin’s dream was crushed and destroyed, never to rise again.

Or, perhaps not…

Read more.


“Missing Yud = Missing YID!” (2003)

… the High Priest… wore an Ephod, a type of apron that had two jewels on the shoulder strap, and a breastplate that had twelve stones.  These 14 stones were donated by the Nesi’im, the Princes of each tribe.

… there was something lacking in their donation.  When Moses let the word out that he was accepting contributions for building the Tabernacle, the twelve Tribal Princes, men of great wealth, offered to underwrite the project.  They committed themselves to make up whatever shortfall there might be in communal donations.  There was no shortfall.  The Nation of Israel responded to the call, and in two days, Moses had more than he needed.  There was nothing left for the Princes to donate except for the 14 stones.

Why are the Nesi’im criticized?  Shouldn’t they be praised for taking the initiative to insure that everything would be provided? …

Read more.


Links to this week’s second Torah Portion:

“Four-tenths of an Ounce of Prevention…” (2008)

…Haman hated Jews.  He wanted, more than anything, to destroy them.  Being a superstitious man, he decided to draw lots (“Purim” in Hebrew) to see when would be a good time to wipe out his enemies.  He drew the month of Adar.  Haman was thrilled.  Well-versed in Jewish history as he was, he knew that Adar was the month during which Moses died.  Obviously, Adar must be a bad month for Jews.  His mistake was that Moses was also BORN during Adar, a particularly auspicious event for the People of Israel.

…Haman hated us so much that he was even willing to pay the bill for our slaughter.  And the king, no lover of Jews himself, told Haman he could keep the money.  The extermination would be “on the house.”

Miscalculating the significance of the month of Adar was not Haman’s only mistake…

Read more.


 “Wasting Shekels and Wasting TALENTS” (2005)

Beware the Ides of April!

With tax time little more than a month away, we must to remember to do it right.  Make sure you have receipts for all your donations and business expenses.  After all, what will happen if the IRS calls you in for an audit?

On the Jewish calendar, this week is tax time AND audit time. …

Moses feared the appearance of impropriety.  First, he collects precious stones, metals and other materials for the Tabernacle.  Suddenly, he’s driving a Lexus!  Now, how does that look?  He ordered an audit in order to demonstrate that everything collected was used for the Tabernacle.  Nothing was “skimmed off the top.”…

“That’s it?!” I asked out loud in my passenger-less car.  THAT eyesore is what two intelligent people spent twenty-one million dollars of their own money on?! …

Read more.


 “I Saw the Face of G-d!” (2004) 

…”The cloud covered the Tent of Meeting, and G-d’s glory filled the Tabernacle.”  (Ibid. 40:34)

G-d allowed the Shechina, His Divine Presence, to be apparent for all the world to see.  The Tabernacle, and later, the Temple in Jerusalem, was a place where miracles were a daily event.  One could not spend the day in this place and deny the existence of G-d.

Sadly, this Divine Presence is much harder to perceive than it used to be.  Even in the Second Temple, many of the blatantly obvious miracles no longer took place.  G-d is no longer so easy to find.

Or is He?…

Read more.


“You have to PRAY Attention!” (2003)


… Every family has its own private jokes. One of ours is “Delicious Soup.”…

Read more.


“Sure, You’ve Got the Keys, But Who’s Really Driving?”  (2001)

…The entire Nation of Israel worked together — weavers, embroiderers, silversmiths — craftsmen of many disciplines performed this labor of love to build a House of G-d… the people brought all the parts to Moses because they weren’t able to put it all together due to the weight of the beams.  Now Moses was expected to do it for them!

How, wondered Moses, would any human be able to put those massive timbers together?!  …

Read more.


 This is the weekly message at   Copyright © 2000-2011 by Rabbi Yerachmiel Seplowitz.  May be reprinted. Please include copyright information.


Rabbi Yerachmiel Seplowitz is a Mohel (  and chaplain in Monsey, New York. For information about scheduling a Bris or a lecture, or just to say hello, call (800) 83MOHEL.


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Published in: on March 22, 2001 at 8:39 am  Leave a Comment  

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